Extend Indigenous Learning

Event organizers have programmed the Gathering intentionally: to trigger a synthesis of the wisdom participants receive from holders of sacred Indigenous trusts with their own sacred social trusts as healthcare & medical educators and clinicians.

The following resources are offered to Gathering participants to extend our Indigenous learning, both academically and in its popular forms.

Authentic extensions of our Indigenous learnings will have real-world implications.



Mount Royal University’s Indigenous Strategic Plan (2016 – 2021)


The Marrow Thieves  Dimaline,  C.

Earth Medicine  Meadows, K.

Medicine Cards   Sams, J.

Indian Horse  Wagamese, R.

Medicine Walk  Wagamese, R

Social Justice & Advocacy

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Calls to Action (2015)


Regan, R. (2011). Unsettling the Settler Within Indian Residential Schools, Truth Telling, and Reconciliation in Canada. UBC Press.  Regan, R. (2009) PhD Dissertation UVic.

Indigenous Health and Healthcare in Canada

Adelson, Naomi. “The Embodiment of Inequity: Health Disparities in Aboriginal Canada.”
Canadian Journal of Public Health 96, no. 2 (2005): S45-S61.

Allen, Billie and Janet Smylie. First Peoples, Second Class Treatment: The Role of Racism in the Health and Well-being of Indigenous Peoples in Canada. Toronto: the Wellesley
Institute, 2015.

Ermine, Willie et. al. Kwayask itôtamowin: Indigenous Research Ethics. Report of the
Indigenous Peoples’ Health Research Centre to the Institute of Aboriginal Peoples’
Health and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. 2005.

Greenwood, Margo et. al. Eds. Determinants of Indigenous Peoples’ Health in Canada: Beyond the Social. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press, 2017.

Lavoie, Josée G. “Indigenous Primary Health Care Services in Australia, Canada and New
Zealand: Policy and Financing Issues.” Winnipeg: The Centre for Aboriginal Health
Research, 2003.

“Policy Silences: why Canada needs a National First Nations, Inuit and Métis
health policy.” International Journal of Circumpolar Health 72 (2013).

Public Health Agency of Canada: The National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health,
“Setting the Context: The Aboriginal Health Legislation and Policy Framework in

Canada,” 2011. https://www.ccnsa-nccah.ca/docs/context/FS OverviewAbororiginalHealth-EN.pdf

Senate Canada, Standing Committee on Aboriginal Peoples, “On-Reserve Housing and
Infrastructure: Recommendations for Change, Executive Summary,” June 2015.

Waldram, James B., et. al. Eds. Aboriginal Health in Canada: Historical, Cultural and
Epidemiological Perspectives. 2nd Edition. Toronto: UT Press, 2006.

Indigenous health practices and approaches

Auger, Monique et. al. “Moving toward holistic wellness, empowerment and self-
determination for Indigenous peoples in Canada: Can traditional Indigenous healthcare practices increase ownership over health and health care decisions?” Canadian
Journal of Public Health 107, no. 4/5 (2016): E393-E398.

George, Julie, et. al. “Use of Traditional Healing Practices in Two Ontario First Nations.”
Journal of Community Health 43, no. 2 (April 2018): 227-237.

Green, Brenda. “Culture is Treatment: Considering Pedagogy in the care of Aboriginal
People.” Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services 48, no. 7 (July 2010):

Howell, Teresa, et. al. “Sharing our Wisdom: A Holistic Aboriginal Health Initiative.”
International Journal of Indigenous Health 11, no. 1 (2016): 111-132.

Robbins, Julian A. and Jonathan Dewer. “Traditional Indigenous Approaches to Healing and the modern welfare of Traditional Knowledge, Spirituality and Lands: A critical
reflection on practices and policies taken from the Canadian Indigenous Example.”
International Indigenous Policy Journal 2, no. 4 (2011): 1-17.

Struthers, Roxanne, et. al. “Traditional Indigenous Healing: Part I.” Complementary
Therapies in Nursing and Midwifery 10, no. 3 (August 2004): 141-149.

“Being Healed by an Indigenous Traditional Healer: Sacred Healing Stories of Native Americans. Part II.” Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 11, no. 2 (January 2005).

Indigenous knowledge and ways of knowing

Armstrong. “Indigenous Knowledge and Gift Giving: Living in Community.” In Women and the Gift Economy: A Radically Different Worldview is Possible. Ed. Genevieve Vaughan. Toronto: Inanna Publications and Education Inc., 2007). 41-49.

Bastien, Betty. Blackfoot Ways of Knowing: the Worldview of the Siksikaitsitapi. Calgary:
UofC Press, 2004.

Battiste, Marie. Protecting Indigenous Knowledge and Heritage: A Global Challenge. Purich Publishing 2000.

Battiste, Marie and James (Sa’ke’j) Youngblood Henderson. “Naturalizing Indigenous
Knowledge in Eurocentric Education.” Canadian Journal of Native Education 32
(2009): 5-18.

Doerfler, Jill et. al. Eds. Centering Anishinaabeg Studies: Understanding the World through Stories. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2013.

Little Bear, Leroy. “Jagged Worldviews Colliding.” In Reclaiming Indigenous Voice and
Vision. Marie Battiste, Ed. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2000. 77-85.

Paul, Elsie with Paige Raibmon and Harmon Johnson. Written as I Remember It: Teachings from the Life of a Sliammon Elder Vancouver: UBC Press, 2014.

Point Bolton, Rena and Richard Daly, Xweliqwiya: The Life of a Sto:lo Matriarch Edmonton: Athabasca University Press, 2013.

Snow, John. These Mountains Are Our Sacred Spaces: The Story of the Stoney Indians.
Toronto & Sarasota: Fifth House, 2005 (first edition 1977).

Trask, Mililani. “Indigenous Women and Traditional Knowledge: Reciprocity is the Way of
Balance.” In Women and the Gift Economy: A Radically Different Worldview is Possible.
Ed. Genevieve Vaughan. Toronto: Inanna Publications and Education Inc., 2007). 293-

Turner, Nancy J. Ancient Pathways, Ancestral Knowledge: Ethnobotany and Ecological
Wisdom of Indigenous Peoples of North America. Montreal/Kingston: McGill-Queen’s
University Press, 2014.

Historical Studies

Indigenous/non-Indigenous relationships in Canada and Indigenous health/healthcare in Canada

Angus, Charlie. Children of the Broken Treaty: Canada’s Lost Promise and One Girl’s Dream. Regina: University of Regina Press, 2015.

Daschuk, James. Clearing the Plains: Disease, Politics of Starvation and the Loss of Aboriginal Life. Regina: University of Regina Press, 2013.

Geddes, Gary. Medicine Unbundled: A Journey through the Minefields of Indigenous Health Care. Victoria: Heritage House, 2017.

Kelm, Mary Ellen. Colonizing Bodies: Aboriginal Health and Healing in British Columbia,
1900-50. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1998.

Lux, Maureen. Medicine that Walks: Disease, Medicine and Canadian Plains Native People, 1880-1940. Toronto: UT Press, 2001.

Separate Beds: A History of Indian Hospitals in Canada, 1920s-1980s. Toronto:
UT Press, 2016.

Meijer Drees, Laurie. Healing Histories: Stories from Canada’s Indian Hospitals. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 2013.

Miller, John. Skyscrapers Hide the Heavens: A History of Indian-White Relations in Canada. 3rd ed. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000.

Mosby, Ian. “Administering Colonial Science: Nutrition Research and Human Biomedical
Experimentation in Aboriginal Communities and Residential Schools, 1942-1952.”
Histoire Sociale/ Social History 46, no. 91 (May 2013): 145-172.

More good reading

King, Thomas. The Inconvenient Indian: A Curious Account of Native People in North America. Toronto: Anchor Canada, 2013.

Manuel, Arthur. Unsettling Canada: A National Wake-up Call. Toronto: Between the Lines
Publishing, 2015.

Reagan, Paulette. Unsettling the Settler Within: Indian Residential Schools Truth Telling, and Reconciliation in Canada. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2011.

Vowel, Chelsea. Indigenous Writes: A Guide to First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Issues in Canada. Winnipeg: Portage and Main Press, 2016.

Compiled by Sabina Trimble:

MRU’s Office of Academic Indigenization